Jump to ContentJump to Main Navigation
Integrated Models of Cognitive Systems$
Users without a subscription are not able to see the full content.

Wayne D. Gray

Print publication date: 2007

Print ISBN-13: 9780195189193

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: March 2012

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195189193.001.0001

Show Summary Details
Page of

PRINTED FROM OXFORD SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (oxford.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Oxford University Press, 2020. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in OSO for personal use. date: 30 November 2020

Intentions, Errors, and Experience

Intentions, Errors, and Experience

(p.388) 27 Intentions, Errors, and Experience
Integrated Models of Cognitive Systems

Richard A. Carlson

Oxford University Press

Intentions are schematic states of working memory that instantiate goals by specifying desired outcomes, actions, and the objects of those actions, thus serving a role in real-time control of behavior. Fluent performance may be achieved in part by concise representation of intentions, which may entail representing some elements deictically — specifying only the time and place at which information is available — rather than semantically. This chapter reviews theoretical considerations and empirical results that support this deictic specification hypothesis, demonstrating that deictic specification has both benefits for performance and costs in terms of limits on metacognition. When regularities in the performance environment, such as consistency in the time and place at which information is available, allow deictic specification, performance is superior but is characterized by predictable error patterns and poor error monitoring. Studies of event counting illustrate these phenomena. This analysis of intentions provides a basis for integrating theoretical understanding of cognitive control and of metacognition.

Keywords:   intentions, performance, time, place, deictic specification, metacognition, cognitive control, error, event counting, information

Oxford Scholarship Online requires a subscription or purchase to access the full text of books within the service. Public users can however freely search the site and view the abstracts and keywords for each book and chapter.

Please, subscribe or login to access full text content.

If you think you should have access to this title, please contact your librarian.

To troubleshoot, please check our FAQs , and if you can't find the answer there, please contact us .