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Are We Free?Psychology and Free Will$
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John Baer, James C. Kaufman, and Roy F. Baumeister

Print publication date: 2008

Print ISBN-13: 9780195189636

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: May 2008

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195189636.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM OXFORD SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (oxford.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Oxford University Press, 2020. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in OSO for personal use. date: 27 September 2020

Whose Will? How Free?

Whose Will? How Free?

(p.260) 13 Whose Will? How Free?
Are We Free?

George S Howard

Oxford University Press

Science rarely allows its subject matter to show its ability to self-determine its actions. This chapter describes a method for quantifying the portion of variability in human behavior due to self-determination (or behavioral freedom of the will). The results of several programs of research reveal that humans often self-determine sizeable portions of their actions in a variety of domains. The problems of the 21st century are often group problems (e.g., environmental degradation) which humans might not be able to control volitionally.

Keywords:   free will, self-determination, environmental degradation, variability, behavioral freedom

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