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Are We Free?Psychology and Free Will$
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John Baer, James C. Kaufman, and Roy F. Baumeister

Print publication date: 2008

Print ISBN-13: 9780195189636

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: May 2008

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195189636.001.0001

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The Hazards of Claiming to Have Solved the Hard Problem of Free Will

The Hazards of Claiming to Have Solved the Hard Problem of Free Will

(p.181) 9 The Hazards of Claiming to Have Solved the Hard Problem of Free Will
Are We Free?

Azim F Shariff

Jonathan Schooler

Kathleen, D Vohs

Oxford University Press

Although much recent work, both theoretical and empirical, has questioned the existence of conscious free will, this chapter offers two reasons for caution in drawing strong conclusions about the non-existence of free will. First, little existing scientific evidence directly addresses the hard problem of free will, namely, whether it is possible for subjective experience to have a causal impact on action, and therefore, firm conclusions may be premature. Second, claims that science has ruled out the possibility of free will could have negative social consequences. Findings from two experiments demonstrate that people exposed to arguments dismissing free will are more likely to engage in morally lax behavior, such as cheating. Although these results do not imply that scientists should avoid studying the limits of free will, they do suggest a note of caution in broadcasting strong conclusions about the non-existence of free will until fully warranted by the evidence.

Keywords:   morality, consciousness, determinism, cheating, morally lax

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