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Triumph of the FungiA Rotten History$
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Nicholas P. Money

Print publication date: 2006

Print ISBN-13: 9780195189711

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: September 2007

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195189711.001.0001

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Rubber Eraser

Rubber Eraser

Chapter:
(p.83) CHAPTER 5 Rubber Eraser
Source:
Triumph of the Fungi
Author(s):

Nicholas P. Money

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195189711.003.0005

The leaf blight of rubber caused by the fungus, Microcyclus ulei, bankrupted the infamous “rubber barons” of South America in the 19th century, destroyed the economy of boom towns along the Amazon, and drove some of the investors to suicide. Today, the same disease threatens the annual production of nine million tons of natural rubber that is tapped from trees in Thailand, Indonesia, and Malaysia. The rubber that is grown in Southeast Asia derives from seeds that were collected in Brazil in the 1870s by Henry Wickham. For this reason, the crop lacks genetic diversity, making it especially vulnerable to the leaf blight.

Keywords:   leaf blight, rubber, Microcyclus ulei, Amazon, Henry Wickham

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