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Evangelical vs. LiberalThe Clash of Christian Cultures in the Pacific Northwest$
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James K. Wellman

Print publication date: 2008

Print ISBN-13: 9780195300116

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: September 2008

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195300116.001.0001

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 The Origins of the American Evangelical Subculture

 The Origins of the American Evangelical Subculture

(p.11) 2 The Origins of the American Evangelical Subculture
Evangelical vs. Liberal

James K. Wellman Jr.

Oxford University Press

This chapter defines and outlines the development of the American evangelical subculture, beginning with the fundamentalists of the early twentieth century, paralleled by the Holiness and Pentecostal movement, followed in turn by the mid‐20th century neoevangelicals, led by Billy Graham, which culminates in an American evangelical culture that supports a strong civic gospel. This civil religion emphasizes the Christian origins of the US; the difficulty of being Christian and politically liberal; the importance of a strong military that deters evil, and finally the support of religious, economic, and political freedoms at home and abroad.

Keywords:   evangelical history, Pentecostalism, Billy Graham, civic gospel, religious and political liberty, military, evil, politics

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