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Population Genetics, Linguistics, and Culture History in the Southwest Pacific$
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Jonathan S. Friedlaender

Print publication date: 2007

Print ISBN-13: 9780195300307

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: September 2007

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195300307.001.0001

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(p.231) 16 Conclusion
Population Genetics, Linguistics, and Culture History in the Southwest Pacific

Jonathan S. Friedlaender

Oxford University Press

This concluding chapter summarizes the major findings of the book and discusses the remaining contradictions, the problems of interpretation, and the road forward. The pervasive diversity of populations in this relatively small region has been caused by their semi-isolation over an extremely long time period, extending back tens of thousands of years. The diversity has an underlying pattern, with more distinctive populations in rugged large island interiors, primarily Papuan-speaking groups. This presents a striking contrast to the comparative homogeneity of most human groups, and offers an alternative model for prehistoric human population variation.

Keywords:   population diversity, prehistoric reconstructions, isolation

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