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Play = LearningHow Play Motivates and Enhances Children's Cognitive and Social-Emotional Growth$
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Dorothy G. Singer, Roberta Michnick Golinkoff, and Kathy Hirsh-Pasek

Print publication date: 2006

Print ISBN-13: 9780195304381

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: April 2010

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195304381.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM OXFORD SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (oxford.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Oxford University Press, 2020. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in OSO for personal use. date: 27 October 2020

The Role of Recess in Primary School

The Role of Recess in Primary School

(p.36) 3 The Role of Recess in Primary School
Play = Learning



Oxford University Press

Children's opportunities for free time (in the form of recess) and corresponding opportunities to interact with their peers have been eliminated or diminished in many school systems across the United States, Canada, and the United Kingdom. The movement to minimize recess in schools may be popular because politicians and school superintendents see this as a way in which to “get tough on education, provide more “academic time” for students, and improve academic performance. On the other hand, although many educators and parents recognize the centrality of teaching skills and maximizing the efficient use of relatively scarce classroom time, they also see the necessity of breaks between periods of intense work, when children can both relax and interact with peers, with the hope that they will return to their classrooms after their breaks and work with renewed interest. This chapter discusses the effect of recess on children's cognitive performance, the role of peer interaction at recess in predicting first-grade achievement, and the importance of peer interaction for adjustment to school.

Keywords:   recess, children, peer interaction, cognitive performance, adjustment, academic performance

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