Greek philosophers saw significance in human equality—rich or poor, Asian or Greeks, men and women—believing them all to belong to the same species. Homer was not a democrat, but through his stories he showed humaneness that was similar to democracy. Early anthropologists also discussed human nature, their origin, and the human ability to teach and learn. Despite the existence of the view of equality, biologically and socially, people posses differences in physical attributes and social class. Aristotle stated that humans are political animals, but Plato suggested otherwise. This chapter is about human nature and equality as tackled in Greek culture and Athenian democracy as well as the democratic equality of men, women, and slaves.
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