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Arthur F. Kramer, Douglas A. Wiegmann, and Alex Kirlik

Print publication date: 2006

Print ISBN-13: 9780195305722

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: March 2012

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195305722.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM OXFORD SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (oxford.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Oxford University Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in OSO for personal use. date: 25 October 2021

Prospective Memory, Concurrent Task Management, and Pilot Error

Prospective Memory, Concurrent Task Management, and Pilot Error

(p.225) Chapter 16 Prospective Memory, Concurrent Task Management, and Pilot Error

Key Dismukes

Jessica Nowinski

Oxford University Press

In everyday life, we are all susceptible to forgetting to perform intended actions. These everyday lapses are mainly annoying and sometimes embarrassing, but in the operational world memory lapses can be fatal, as these accidents testify. This chapter focuses on a relatively new but rapidly growing topic in cognitive psychology called prospective memory. Prospective memory is the process of recalling and performing an action that could not be executed at the time the original intention was formed. Intentions or goals are often deferred as a result of other concurrent tasks in the environment competing for attentional resources. Failures of prospective memory often occur because concurrent tasks win this competition for resources that guide the retrieval of memory items associated with each task. The chapter provides real-world examples in aviation that illustrate the impact that prospective memory failures can have on flight safety and offers some recommendations for training individuals to overcome prospective memory failures.

Keywords:   prospective memory, memory lapses, cognitive psychology, intentions, concurrent tasks, attentional resources, aviation, flight safety, memory failures

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