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Imprisoning CommunitiesHow Mass Incarceration Makes Disadvantaged Neighborhoods Worse$
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Todd R Clear

Print publication date: 2007

Print ISBN-13: 9780195305791

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: May 2012

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195305791.001.0001

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The Impact of Incarceration on Community Safety

The Impact of Incarceration on Community Safety

(p.149) 7 The Impact of Incarceration on Community Safety
Imprisoning Communities

Todd R. Clear

Oxford University Press

This chapter reviews theoretical and empirical studies on the impact of incarceration on community safety and it also notes that these studies sought to test empirically the coercive mobility hypothesis. It explains that this hypothesis holds that high rates of incarceration, especially concentrated in poor communities, will lead to more crime. It suggests that there is good evidence that high rates of incarceration destabilize families, increase rates of delinquency, increase rates of teenage births, foster alienation of youth from pro-social norms, damage frail social networks, and weaken labor markets.

Keywords:   incarceration, community safety, coercive mobility, poor communities, crime, families, delinquency, teenage births, social networks, labor markets

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