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Adolescent Psychopathology and the Developing BrainIntegrating Brain and Prevention Science$
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Daniel Romer and Elaine F. Walker

Print publication date: 2007

Print ISBN-13: 9780195306255

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: May 2009

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195306255.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM OXFORD SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (oxford.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Oxford University Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in OSO for personal use. date: 28 October 2021

The Metamorphosis

The Metamorphosis

Individuation of the Adolescent Brain

(p.85) Chapter 4 The Metamorphosis
Adolescent Psychopathology and the Developing Brain

Don M. Tucker

Lyda Moller

Oxford University Press

This chapter outlines a neuropsychological theory that views human adolescence as a fundamental reorganization of the self. It begins with a psychological analysis of the individuation of the self in adolescence, drawing on the modern psychoanalytic theory of object relations, emphasizing the importance of self-regulation in an interpersonal context. It then presents a theoretical model of the neural mechanisms of self-regulation, emphasizing the limbic influences on motivation, and memory and differences in hemispheric function that may influence these functions during adolescent development. It is argued that the motivational control of memory consolidation may be the central factor in the ongoing process of neuropsychological self-regulation. The chapter attempts a new theoretical integration of neural mechanisms of motivation with the psychoanalytic theory of self-regulation. In this approach, the motivations that awaken during the adolescent phase support not only autonomy and interpersonal individuation, but the capacity for critical thinking that underlies abstract thought. It is argued that the cognitive negotiation of interpersonal relations is achieved with the same mechanisms of neural and conceptual self-regulation that are required for intellectual differentiation and critical thought.

Keywords:   identity, attachment, peers, motivation, self-regulation, hemispheric specialization

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