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Adolescent Psychopathology and the Developing BrainIntegrating Brain and Prevention Science$
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Daniel Romer and Elaine F. Walker

Print publication date: 2007

Print ISBN-13: 9780195306255

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: May 2009

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195306255.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM OXFORD SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (oxford.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Oxford University Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in OSO for personal use. date: 27 October 2021

The Effects of Early Deprivation on Brain-Behavioral Development

The Effects of Early Deprivation on Brain-Behavioral Development

The Bucharest Early Intervention Project

(p.197) Chapter 9 The Effects of Early Deprivation on Brain-Behavioral Development
Adolescent Psychopathology and the Developing Brain

Charles A. Nelson III

Charles H. Zeanah

Nathan A. Fox

Oxford University Press

This chapter describes the Bucharest Early Intervention Project (BEIP) is a randomized controlled trial comparing the effects of foster care as an alternative to institutional care for young children abandoned at birth and placed in institutions in Bucharest, Romania. This study comprehensively assessed 136 children between the ages of 6 and 31 months who were institutionalized in all six of the institutions for young children in Bucharest, Romania, and followed them systematically through to 54 months of age. Institutionalization was associated with profoundly negative effects on child and brain development. Virtually all domains of development were compromised by institutional rearing: physical, brain, cognitive, linguistic, and social-emotional development. Nearly half of institutionalized children appeared to suffer from one or more forms of psychopathology. The good news is that foster care appeared to be effective in diminishing some forms of psychopathology and normalizing other domains of development; the bad news is that it was not affecting all domains of development, nor did full recovery occur in most domains assessed to date.

Keywords:   institutional rearing, Bucharest Early Intervention Project, institutional care, child care, Romania, foster care

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