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Democracy and the New Religious Pluralism$
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Thomas Banchoff

Print publication date: 2007

Print ISBN-13: 9780195307221

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: September 2007

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195307221.001.0001

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 Immigration and the New Religious Pluralism

 Immigration and the New Religious Pluralism

A European Union/United States Comparison

(p.59) 4 Immigration and the New Religious Pluralism
Democracy and the New Religious Pluralism

José Casanova

Oxford University Press

This chapter shows that one of the most significant consequences of the new global patterns of transnational migration has been a dramatic growth in religious diversity in the United States and Western Europe. The new immigrant religions, however, present significantly different challenges of integration in Christian/Secular Europe and in Judeo-Christian/Secular America due to the different histories of immigration and modes of immigrant incorporation, the different patterns of religious pluralism, and the different types of secularism in both regions. Religion in the United States constitutes a positive resource insofar as religious associations and religious collective identities constitute one of the accepted avenues for immigrant incorporation and for mutual group recognition in the public sphere of American civil society. In Europe, by contrast, secularist world views and various institutional patterns of public recognition through different forms of church-state relations make the incorporation of immigrant religions in the public sphere of European civil societies a more contentious issue.

Keywords:   immigrant religiosity, securalization, United States, Western Europe, Islam, integration, church-state relations

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