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Foundations of Environmental SustainabilityThe Coevolution of Science and Policy$
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Larry Rockwood, Ronald Stewart, and Thomas Dietz

Print publication date: 2008

Print ISBN-13: 9780195309454

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: September 2008

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195309454.001.0001

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Policy Failures in African Rangeland Development

Policy Failures in African Rangeland Development

(p.148) 10 Policy Failures in African Rangeland Development
Foundations of Environmental Sustainability

Walter J. Lusigi

Oxford University Press

This chapter discusses seven key policy failures that have contributed to deterioration of rangelands in English-speaking East Africa. These are (1) land tenure policy issues, (2) anti-pastoral colonial policies, (3) wildlife management policies, (4) institutional policy issues, (5) poverty alleviation policies, (6) rangeland-specific fiscal policy issues, and (7) policies on diversification of rangeland economies. It urges the adoption of innovative policies that recognize the complexity of linkages between pastoral people and their environment. National parks and game reserves must be accepted by local rangeland people to be successful. Planning must be based on an appropriate consideration of cultural, political, and socioeconomic factors, in addition to ecological factors. Conservation objectives must be balanced against short- and long-term local human needs, and the conservation program implemented in a manner that is acceptable to the local African population.

Keywords:   rangelands, conservation, East Africa, environmental protection, pastoral people, National parks

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