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Foundations of Environmental SustainabilityThe Coevolution of Science and Policy$
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Larry Rockwood, Ronald Stewart, and Thomas Dietz

Print publication date: 2008

Print ISBN-13: 9780195309454

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: September 2008

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195309454.001.0001

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Marine Wildlife Policy: Underlying Ideologies

Marine Wildlife Policy: Underlying Ideologies

(p.231) 14 Marine Wildlife Policy: Underlying Ideologies
Foundations of Environmental Sustainability

Michael L. Weber

Oxford University Press

This chapter focuses on the ideologies that underlie and play a major role in determining the policies of government, management, and even science. Ideology is defined as “the body of doctrines, myths, and beliefs that guides an individual, social movement, institution, class, or large group”. Prior to the 1970s, the policies for marine wildlife were dominated by an ideology of abundance. The passage of the MMPA introduced a counterideology, the ideology of scarcity. The factors leading to the passage of the MMPA are discussed.

Keywords:   conservation policy, Marine Mammal Protection Act, ideology, marine wildlife, scarcity

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