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Foundations of Environmental SustainabilityThe Coevolution of Science and Policy$
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Larry Rockwood, Ronald Stewart, and Thomas Dietz

Print publication date: 2008

Print ISBN-13: 9780195309454

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: September 2008

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195309454.001.0001

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Conservation of Sensitive Biodiversity Areas

Conservation of Sensitive Biodiversity Areas

(p.67) 5 Conservation of Sensitive Biodiversity Areas
Foundations of Environmental Sustainability

Robert Goodland

Oxford University Press

This chapter describes the approaches being taken by the World Bank to conserve biodiversity in developing countries. It argues that the conservation of biodiversity also means conserving habitats and ecosystems that are critical to sustaining those environmental services on which the poor, more than the wealthy, depend. Therefore, the chapter states, the presumed conflict between conservation and humans is false. The World Bank must implement and strengthen its social and environmental policies, grant exceptions only when projects meet a stringent set of criteria that unambiguously demonstrates that benefits outweigh losses, and demand insurance or escrow bonds in such cases. The World Bank can also promote both biodiversity and social progress through the rehabilitation of degraded areas.

Keywords:   conservation, environmental protection, habitats, ecosystems, poor

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