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Perceptual ExpertiseBridging Brain and Behavior$
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Isabel Gauthier, Michael Tarr, and Daniel Bub

Print publication date: 2009

Print ISBN-13: 9780195309607

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: February 2010

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195309607.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM OXFORD SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (oxford.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Oxford University Press, 2020. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in OSO for personal use. date: 22 September 2020

How Faces Became Special

How Faces Became Special

(p.11) 1 How Faces Became Special
Perceptual Expertise

Cindy M. Bukach

Jessie J. Peissig

Oxford University Press

Faces might be different from other object categories because of the sociobiological necessity for humans to differentiate between faces, all of which have a similar geometry and arrangement of parts. Indeed, the large body of research reviewed in this chapter with adults, patients, monkeys, and infants using a wide variety of techniques (behavioral, imaging, electrophysiological, and single-cell recordings) demonstrates functional and cortical specialization in the brain for faces. Traditionally, results from these studies have been interpreted to suggest a modular system dedicated to face recognition. However, the research conducted by the Perceptual Expertise Network is motivated by an alternative possibility: the mechanisms responsible for face specialization may also account for specialization of other object classes that is acquired through experience.

Keywords:   faces, modularity, fMRI, eRP, single-cell recordings

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