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Raising ChildrenEmerging Needs, Modern Risks, and Social Responses$
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Jill Duerr Berrick and Neil Gilbert

Print publication date: 2008

Print ISBN-13: 9780195310122

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: January 2009

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195310122.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM OXFORD SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (oxford.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Oxford University Press, 2022. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in OSO for personal use.date: 17 May 2022

Childhood ADHD: Biological Reality or Social Construction, with Policy Implications

Childhood ADHD: Biological Reality or Social Construction, with Policy Implications

(p.167) 8 Childhood ADHD: Biological Reality or Social Construction, with Policy Implications
Raising Children

Stephen P. Hinshaw

Oxford University Press

One of the greatest challenges that parents confront in raising children involves monitoring their health and managing to obtain the proper treatment when needed. Yet many parents are unable to evaluate the diagnostic procedures and treatment their children receive, particularly for certain types of problems as, for example, childhood Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD). Over the last decade, the increasing detection of ADHD has evoked considerable controversy. Analyzing what is known about the cause, effects, diagnosis and treatment of ADHD, this chapter brings to light the pitfalls of misdiagnosis, the need to recognize the bidirectional processes between parent and child that shape the developmental manifestation of ADHD, and the scientific and political deliberations surrounding medication and psychosocial treatment. Among the policies to advance effective care, the chapter suggests not only a more rigorous reporting of negative as well as positive data on ADHD medications from the Food and Drug Administration (FDA), but the creation of a Federal Psychosocial and Psychotherapeutic Treatment Administration, which would monitor evidenced-based psychosocial interventions for children in the same way that the FDA evaluates pharmacologic treatment.

Keywords:   psychosocial treatment, pharmacological treatment, mental disorder, stigma, normal behavior, attention deficits, misdiagnosis, bidirectional processes, FDA

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