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The Development of Persistent Criminality$
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Joanne Savage

Print publication date: 2009

Print ISBN-13: 9780195310313

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: May 2009

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195310313.001.0001

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Sanction Threats and Desistance from Criminality

Sanction Threats and Desistance from Criminality

(p.315) CHAPTER 15 Sanction Threats and Desistance from Criminality
The Development of Persistent Criminality

KiDeuk Kim

Oxford University Press

Punishment has long been seen as a social institution which is first and last a matter of morality and social solidarity (Garland, 1990). In exploring how an individual develops criminality over time, it is therefore useful to consider to what extent punishment alters an offending trajectory over time. Most developmental studies on crime center on how criminality is formed or how criminality is depressed by a prosocial process (e.g., adaptation to employment or marriage). There has been little attention given to how criminality is suppressed by punishment. Hence, drawing from research that has accumulated much knowledge about how legal sanctions exert a deterrent effect on would-be offenders, this chapter proposes a longitudinal approach to modeling the effect of punishment. Of particular interest is to develop an analytic framework to examine change in sanction risk perceptions or offending behavior in response to punishment experiences. The chapter explores different growth modeling techniques to detect the deterrent effect of punishment and discusses theoretical considerations involved in the analysis of deterrence based on longitudinal data from a panel design.

Keywords:   desistance, deterrence, criminal careers, chronic offending, methodology, residual change scores, growth modeling

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