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The Development of Persistent Criminality$
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Joanne Savage

Print publication date: 2009

Print ISBN-13: 9780195310313

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: May 2009

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195310313.001.0001

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A Dynamic Developmental Systems Approach to Understanding Offending in Early Adulthood

A Dynamic Developmental Systems Approach to Understanding Offending in Early Adulthood

(p.374) CHAPTER 18 A Dynamic Developmental Systems Approach to Understanding Offending in Early Adulthood
The Development of Persistent Criminality

Deborah M. Capaldi

Margit Wiesner

Oxford University Press

This chapter begins by reviewing the current theory regarding developmental models of crime and delinquency, and issues of persistence and desistance from adolescence into the early adult period. We argue that, whereas, the influential life-course persistent versus adolescence-limited model (Moffitt, 1993) has been valuable in summarizing some important features of criminal careers, this two-pathway model is not adequate to explain the heterogeneity that is being detailed in recent studies of crime trajectories into early adulthood. Evidence from the research suggests that persistence of offending into adulthood may be more common than these models predict. Further, early onset, in the data, was associated with both high- and low-level chronic offending. Several studies that employ Oregon Youth Study data are reviewed and a dynamic developmental systems approach to understanding criminal activity during the early adult years is introduced. In this model, persistence and desistance are expected to be influenced by experiences and transitions undergone from the early 20s to the early 30s with a strong emphasis on romantic partner influence.

Keywords:   developmental criminology, systems approach, crime, chronic offending, desistance, early adult development, early adult offending, Intimate Partners

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