Jump to ContentJump to Main Navigation
The Development of Persistent Criminality$
Users without a subscription are not able to see the full content.

Joanne Savage

Print publication date: 2009

Print ISBN-13: 9780195310313

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: May 2009

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195310313.001.0001

Show Summary Details
Page of

PRINTED FROM OXFORD SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (oxford.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Oxford University Press, 2020. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in OSO for personal use. date: 30 November 2020

Strain, Social Support, and Persistent Criminality

Strain, Social Support, and Persistent Criminality

Chapter:
(p.71) CHAPTER 4 Strain, Social Support, and Persistent Criminality
Source:
The Development of Persistent Criminality
Author(s):

Stephanie Ellis

Joanne Savage

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195310313.003.0004

This chapter examines the role of adolescent strain and social support in the etiology of persistent offending. After reviewing the literature on persistent criminality, strain theory, and social support, it presents some of the analysis, using National Youth Survey data. The data suggest that early adolescent strain is associated with young adult nonviolent criminality. The findings also suggest that social support experienced in early adolescence has a marginal, negative effect on both violent and nonviolent offending in young adulthood. In addition, social support appears to mitigate the effects of strain. For example, while there is a three-fold difference in young adult nonviolent offending between high and low strain individuals with low social support, those with high social support had low nonviolent offending regardless of the level of strain. The chapter is more tentative about the findings for violence. While the direct relationship between early adolescent strain and later violent behavior was not statistically significant, the interaction between strain and later social support was. The data suggest that individuals who reported low levels of social support and high levels of strain committed more violent acts in young adulthood than other subjects. The chapter recommend a program of longitudinal research on high-risk children to further examine the types of traumatic strain, intensity, and timing that may lead to very serious and chronic antisocial behavior.

Keywords:   strain theory, social support, chronic offending, persistent offending, life-course criminology, crime

Oxford Scholarship Online requires a subscription or purchase to access the full text of books within the service. Public users can however freely search the site and view the abstracts and keywords for each book and chapter.

Please, subscribe or login to access full text content.

If you think you should have access to this title, please contact your librarian.

To troubleshoot, please check our FAQs , and if you can't find the answer there, please contact us .