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The Development of Persistent Criminality$
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Joanne Savage

Print publication date: 2009

Print ISBN-13: 9780195310313

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: May 2009

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195310313.001.0001

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The Effects of Family on Children's Behavioral Difficulties

The Effects of Family on Children's Behavioral Difficulties

(p.115) CHAPTER 6 The Effects of Family on Children's Behavioral Difficulties
The Development of Persistent Criminality

Paul Millar

Oxford University Press

This chapter addresses two major issues. First, it reviews several theoretical accounts of the development of aggression in children. While some theories suggest that aggressive behavior is learned, others suggest that it is innate, and that children must be socialized to be nonviolent. Second, family of origin parameters are thought to be important in the process of socialization, in particular for the development of self-control. Using data from Canada's National Longitudinal Survey of Children and Youth (NLSCY), it investigates the direct and indirect effects of a variety of family factors on childhood aggression. In particular, the chapter finds that corporal punishment and yelling are strongly associated with both aggression and property offences. The nuances of relationships among family factors such as income and parent education, parenting factors such as corporal punishment, yelling, consistency and supervision, and aggressive outcomes are explored in detail.

Keywords:   conduct disorder, delinquency, family, corporal punishment, child abuse, parenting, violence, aggression, social learning, self-control

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