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God and the VictimTraumatic Intrusions on Grace, and Freedom$
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Jennifer Erin Beste

Print publication date: 2007

Print ISBN-13: 9780195311099

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: January 2008

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195311099.001.0001

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 Response to the Challenge

 Response to the Challenge

Rahner's Theology Revisited

(p.85) 5 Response to the Challenge
God and the Victim

Jennifer Erin Beste (Contributor Webpage)

Oxford University Press

This chapter argues that the experiences of severely traumatized persons and the insights of feminist theory demonstrate Rahner's failure to acknowledge adequately the effects of relationality and embodiment for one's capacity to realize sufficient freedom to effect a fundamental option. Rahner's general construal of the relation between God's grace and human freedom is also insufficient when attempting to make sense of the workings of God's grace in the lives of trauma survivors. However, by incorporating insights of feminists and trauma theory and drawing on other aspects of Rahner's theology, it is possible to construct a more adequate Rahnerian theology of freedom and grace. A revised account must (1) acknowledge to a greater degree the power of sin against one's neighbor to disable that neighbor's freedom to respond to God's grace, and (2) articulate how God's grace is mediated through loving, interpersonal relations.

Keywords:   Rahner, freedom, fundamental option, grace, interpersonal, relationality, feminist, trauma theory

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