Jump to ContentJump to Main Navigation
The Character of Consciousness$
Users without a subscription are not able to see the full content.

David J. Chalmers

Print publication date: 2010

Print ISBN-13: 9780195311105

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: January 2011

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195311105.001.0001

Show Summary Details
Page of

PRINTED FROM OXFORD SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (oxford.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Oxford University Press, 2022. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in OSO for personal use.date: 26 January 2022

Consciousness and Its Place in Nature

Consciousness and Its Place in Nature

Chapter:
(p.103) 5 Consciousness and Its Place in Nature
Source:
The Character of Consciousness
Author(s):

David J. Chalmers (Contributor Webpage)

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195311105.003.0005

This chapter starts by presenting the central arguments against materialism, which involve establishing an epistemic gap between the physical and the phenomenal, and moves from there to an ontological gap. It then distinguishes between the three most important sorts of materialist opposition to these arguments: type-A materialism (which denies the epistemic gap), type-B materialism (which accepts the epistemic gap but denies the ontological gap), and type-C materialism (which holds that there is a deep epistemic gap but one that will be closed in the limit). It argues that each of these three views should be rejected. The second half of the chapter investigates the most important nonreductive views that result: type-D dualism (or interactionism), type-E dualism (or epiphenomenalism), and type-F monism (Russellian monism, or panprotopsychism). It discusses the pros and cons of each, suggesting that all three have significant attractions and that none has fatal flaws.

Keywords:   materialism, consciousness, dualism, epistemic gap, interactionism

Oxford Scholarship Online requires a subscription or purchase to access the full text of books within the service. Public users can however freely search the site and view the abstracts and keywords for each book and chapter.

Please, subscribe or login to access full text content.

If you think you should have access to this title, please contact your librarian.

To troubleshoot, please check our FAQs , and if you can't find the answer there, please contact us .