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Sex Differences in the BrainFrom Genes to Behavior$
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Jill B. Becker, Karen J. Berkley, Nori Geary, Elizabeth Hampson, James P. Herman, and Elizabeth Young

Print publication date: 2007

Print ISBN-13: 9780195311587

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: January 2010

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195311587.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM OXFORD SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (oxford.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Oxford University Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in OSO for personal use. date: 18 April 2021

Sex Differences in Parkinson’s Disease

Sex Differences in Parkinson’s Disease

(p.455) Chapter 23 Sex Differences in Parkinson’s Disease
Sex Differences in the Brain

David G. Standaert

Ippolita Cantuti-Castelvetri

Oxford University Press

Parkinson's disease (PD) is a slow progressing neurodegenerative disease affecting up to 3% of the population over the age of 65 years, amounting to more than 500,000 individuals in the United States. Clinically it is characterized by rigidity, postural instability, bradykinesia, and resting tremor. This chapter discusses clinical characteristics of PD affected by gender, gender and risk for PD, and gender effects on the biology of central dopaminergic systems.

Keywords:   Parkinson's disease, disease risk, gender effects, dopaminergic systems

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