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Sex Differences in the BrainFrom Genes to Behavior$
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Jill B. Becker, Karen J. Berkley, Nori Geary, Elizabeth Hampson, James P. Herman, and Elizabeth Young

Print publication date: 2007

Print ISBN-13: 9780195311587

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: January 2010

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195311587.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM OXFORD SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (oxford.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Oxford University Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in OSO for personal use. date: 18 April 2021

Sex Differences in Affiliative Behavior and Social Bonding

Sex Differences in Affiliative Behavior and Social Bonding

(p.139) Chapter 8 Sex Differences in Affiliative Behavior and Social Bonding
Sex Differences in the Brain

Larry J. Young

C. Sue Carter

Oxford University Press

This chapter discusses the neurobiology of affiliative behavior and social bonding in prairie voles using the monogamous prairie vole (Microtus ochrogaster) as a model system. It focuses on the roles of the neuropeptides oxytocin (OT) and vasopressin (AVP), and the effects of stress on social bonding and parental care. However, it should be recognized that these neuropeptides do not work in a vacuum, but are simply the most well-characterized systems in a complex network of factors and circuits that regulate these complex behaviors. The chapter briefly discusses some implications of these findings for translational research on human social behavior.

Keywords:   affiliative behavior, social bonding, prairie vole, oxytocin, vasopressin, neuropeptides

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