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The Ismailis in the Middle AgesA History of Survival, a Search for Salvation$
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Shafique N. Virani

Print publication date: 2007

Print ISBN-13: 9780195311730

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: May 2007

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195311730.001.0001

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 The Eagle Returns

 The Eagle Returns

(p.29) TWO The Eagle Returns
The Ismailis in the Middle Ages

Shafique N. Virani (Contributor Webpage)

Oxford University Press

As their wave of devastation swept through the Near East, Mongol hordes led by Hulagu Khan sought the complete extermination of the Ismailis and the destruction of their state centered at Alamut. Misled by the writings of Hulagu's courtier Juwayni, many of the Persian historians and later Western authors believed that the community had indeed been annihilated. While the continued survival of the Ismailis has now become clear, what has hitherto remained largely underestimated — if not completely unnoticed — is the persistence of their activities in the South Caspian regions of Gilan, Daylam, and Mazandaran, including at the fort of Alamut itself in the wake of the Mongol invasions.

Keywords:   Hulagu Khan, Ismailis, Mazandaran, Daylam, Caspian, Alamut, Juwayni, Tamerlane, Gilan, castle, fort

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