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Always OnLanguage in an Online and Mobile World$
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Naomi S. Baron

Print publication date: 2008

Print ISBN-13: 9780195313055

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: January 2010

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195313055.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM OXFORD SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (oxford.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Oxford University Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in OSO for personal use. date: 22 January 2022

Language Online

Language Online

The Basics

(p.11) 2 Language Online
Always On


Oxford University Press

This chapter provides an overview of what is meant by language in an online and mobile world, offering a chronological precis of the types of language media to emerge over the past thirty-five years, with particular emphasis on some of the newer communication platforms used in the Internet. A bit of terminology is introduced to provide a common vocabulary. Various types of language transmitted via the gamut of information and communication technologies ICTs can be classified under the umbrella term “electronically-mediated communication” (EMC), which can be either synchronous or synchronous. Examples of asynchronous communication are one-to-one email, texting on mobile phones, newsgroups, listservs, blogs, MySpace, Facebook, and YouTube, while synchronous communication includes instant messaging, computer conferencing, MUDs (Multi-User Dungeons/Dimensions), MOOs (MUDs, Object Oriented), chat, and Second Life. This chapter discusses the evolution of EMC from email in 1971 to YouTube in 2005.

Keywords:   language, electronically-mediated communication, email, mobile phones, texting, YouTube, instant messaging, computer conferencing, newsgroups, Internet

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