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A Metaphysics for the MobThe Philosophy of George Berkeley$
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John Russell Roberts

Print publication date: 2007

Print ISBN-13: 9780195313932

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: May 2007

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195313932.001.0001

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 Resurrecting Berkelian Spirits

 Resurrecting Berkelian Spirits

Spirits Are Forensic Unities

(p.88) IV Resurrecting Berkelian Spirits
A Metaphysics for the Mob

John Russell Roberts (Contributor Webpage)

Oxford University Press

The coherence of Berkeley's account of spirits is defended against the charge that they cannot be, on the one hand, simple substances and, on the other hand, both active and passive in nature. The chapter provides an interpretation of the active/passive distinction, an account of how the linguistic ordering of nature serves to render the sensory world intelligible, and an understanding of the relationship between Berkelian spirits and Lockean persons. It is argued that Berkeley's spirits must be understood to be a kind of hybrid of Lockean persons and Cartesian simple substances. Berkeley's reduction of the self to the will is elucidated and defended.

Keywords:   will, understanding, person, forensic, divine language, substance, essence, bundles, Descartes, Locke

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