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Neuroscience of Rule-Guided Behavior$
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Silvia A. Bunge and Jonathan D. Wallis

Print publication date: 2007

Print ISBN-13: 9780195314274

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: September 2007

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195314274.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM OXFORD SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (oxford.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Oxford University Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in OSO for personal use. date: 30 November 2021

 Selection between Competing Responses Based on Conditional Rules

 Selection between Competing Responses Based on Conditional Rules

(p.3) 1 Selection between Competing Responses Based on Conditional Rules
Neuroscience of Rule-Guided Behavior

Michael Petrides

Oxford University Press

An important aspect of the control of behavior is the selection of appropriate action guided by learned conditional rules. This chapter reviews research showing that patients with unilateral frontal lesions are severely impaired in learning to select between competing actions based on conditional rules, although they can perform the individual actions. Studies of macaque monkeys have implicated the posterior part of the dorsolateral frontal region in the learning and performance of such conditional responses. More specifically, the rostral part of premotor area 6 is recruited when the task requires selection between distinct movements, whereas area 8 is involved in the selection between competing visual stimuli. Finally, the mid‐ventrolateral prefrontal cortex, which plays a role in the active controlled retrieval of information from memory, may be involved during the early stages of conditional associative learning, when relations between stimuli and responses are still ambiguous.

Keywords:   macaque monkeys, conditional associative learning, frontal lesions, premotor

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