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Neuroscience of Rule-Guided Behavior$
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Silvia A. Bunge and Jonathan D. Wallis

Print publication date: 2007

Print ISBN-13: 9780195314274

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: September 2007

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195314274.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM OXFORD SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (oxford.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Oxford University Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in OSO for personal use. date: 03 December 2021

 Dopaminergic and Serotonergic Modulation of Two Distinct Forms of Flexible Cognitive Control: Attentional Set‐Shifting and Reversal Learning

 Dopaminergic and Serotonergic Modulation of Two Distinct Forms of Flexible Cognitive Control: Attentional Set‐Shifting and Reversal Learning

Chapter:
(p.283) 13 Dopaminergic and Serotonergic Modulation of Two Distinct Forms of Flexible Cognitive Control: Attentional Set‐Shifting and Reversal Learning
Source:
Neuroscience of Rule-Guided Behavior
Author(s):

Angela C. Roberts

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195314274.003.0016

Dopamine and serotonin have been implicated in a wide variety of cognitive and emotional control processes. This chapter reviews the evidence that these two neuromodulators differentially regulate two distinct forms of cognitive flexibility in marmoset monkeys, namely, attentional set‐shifting and discrimination reversal learning, through their independent actions within the lateral prefrontal cortex and orbitofrontal cortex, respectively. Consideration is given to the psychological and cellular mechanisms that may underlie their effects, not only at the level of the prefrontal cortex, but also at other neural sites known to contribute to these forms of flexibility, namely, the striatum and amygdala.

Keywords:   attentional set‐shifting, orbitofrontal cortex, reversal learning, marmoset monkeys, dopamine, serotonin, lateral prefrontal cortex

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