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Neuroscience of Rule-Guided Behavior$
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Silvia A. Bunge and Jonathan D. Wallis

Print publication date: 2007

Print ISBN-13: 9780195314274

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: September 2007

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195314274.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM OXFORD SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (oxford.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Oxford University Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in OSO for personal use. date: 21 January 2022

 Dopaminergic Modulation of Flexible Cognitive Control: The Role of the Striatum

 Dopaminergic Modulation of Flexible Cognitive Control: The Role of the Striatum

Chapter:
(p.313) 14 Dopaminergic Modulation of Flexible Cognitive Control: The Role of the Striatum
Source:
Neuroscience of Rule-Guided Behavior
Author(s):

Roshan Cools

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195314274.003.0017

The mesocorticolimbic dopamine system is well known to play an important role in cognitive control processing. The effects of dopaminergic drugs on cognitive control are most commonly associated with modulation of the prefrontal cortex. For example, a large body of evidence supports a role for prefrontal dopamine in the stable maintenance of rule‐relevant representations. This chapter reviews studies highlighting a complementary role for the basal ganglia in a different aspect of cognitive control and argues that the straitum mediate the dopaminergic modulation of the flexible (as opposed to stable) control of relevant representations. Moreover, the chapter proposes that the role of the basal ganglia to cognitive flexibility is restricted to the flexible control of concrete stimulus‐response associations, and does not extend to the control of abstract rule representations.

Keywords:   dopamine, cognitive flexibility, striatum, stimulus‐response associations

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