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Neuroscience of Rule-Guided Behavior$
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Silvia A. Bunge and Jonathan D. Wallis

Print publication date: 2007

Print ISBN-13: 9780195314274

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: September 2007

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195314274.001.0001

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 Neural Representations Used to Specify Action

 Neural Representations Used to Specify Action

(p.45) 3 Neural Representations Used to Specify Action
Neuroscience of Rule-Guided Behavior

Silvia A. Bunge

Michael J. Souza

Oxford University Press

To understand how humans use rules to determine actions, it is critical to learn more about how they select responses on the basis of associations in long‐term memory. This chapter discusses what has been learned thus far about the neural substrates of rule storage, retrieval, and maintenance. This chapter presents evidence that rule knowledge associated with environmental cues is stored in areas of the posterior temporal lobes, such as the middle temporal gyrus. It also provides evidence that ventrolateral prefrontal cortex is engaged in the effortful retrieval of rule meanings from long‐term memory. During initial rule retrieval, there is some evidence that different brain structures are recruited, depending on the type of rule retrieved. In contrast, during rule maintenance, brain activation in prefrontal cortex and other brain regions appears to be sensitive to the amount of information to be held in mind, rather than the type of rule or instructional cue.

Keywords:   ventrolateral prefrontal cortex, middle temporal gyrus, rule maintenance, rule retrieval, long‐term memory

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