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Neuroscience of Rule-Guided Behavior$
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Silvia A. Bunge and Jonathan D. Wallis

Print publication date: 2007

Print ISBN-13: 9780195314274

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: September 2007

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195314274.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM OXFORD SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (oxford.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Oxford University Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in OSO for personal use. date: 22 January 2022

 The Neurophysiology of Abstract Response Strategies

 The Neurophysiology of Abstract Response Strategies

(p.81) 5 The Neurophysiology of Abstract Response Strategies
Neuroscience of Rule-Guided Behavior

Aldo Genovesio

Steven P. Wise

Oxford University Press

In traditional animal learning theory, stimuli, responses, and outcomes determine an animal's behavior. But how can animals, or people, for that matter, make decisions regarding stimuli they have never encountered? One way involves abstract response strategies. These strategies are considered abstract because they do not depend on experience with particular, previously experienced stimulus‐response mappings. This chapter reviews relevant neurophysiological data from macaque monkeys and addresses the following questions: (1) What is a strategy? (2) How, if at all, do strategies differ from rules? (3) Does the idea that prefrontal cortex subserves strategies contribute to contemporary ideas about its evolutionary history? (4) What are the adaptive advantages of a strategy‐implementing prefrontal cortex for those animals that have one?

Keywords:   strategies, stimulus‐response mapping, abstract response strategies, prefrontal cortex, macaque monkeys

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