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Neuroscience of Rule-Guided Behavior$
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Silvia A. Bunge and Jonathan D. Wallis

Print publication date: 2007

Print ISBN-13: 9780195314274

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: September 2007

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195314274.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM OXFORD SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (oxford.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Oxford University Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in OSO for personal use. date: 22 January 2022

 Ventrolateral and Medial Frontal Contributions to Decision‐Making and Action Selection

 Ventrolateral and Medial Frontal Contributions to Decision‐Making and Action Selection

(p.129) 7 Ventrolateral and Medial Frontal Contributions to Decision‐Making and Action Selection
Neuroscience of Rule-Guided Behavior

Matthew F. S. Rushworth

Paula L. Croxson

Mark J. Buckley

Mark E. Walton

Oxford University Press

Recent research on action selection suggests that a useful distinction may be drawn between two systems centered on the ventrolateral prefrontal cortex (PFv) and anterior cingulate cortex (ACC). The PFv is concerned with the selection of actions in response to visual stimuli (stimulus‐response mappings) and according to learned arbitrary rules. The ACC is more concerned with reward‐guided action selection. This is especially the case when a judgment must be made about whether a reward is worth pursuing, given the probability that the reward will follow the action, or given the effort that will have to be exerted before the reward is obtained. Three lines of evidence supporting this contention are reviewed.

Keywords:   ventrolateral prefrontal cortex, anterior cingulate cortex, action selection, stimulus‐response mapping, reward, probability, effort

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