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Ecological RationalityIntelligence in the World$
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Peter M. Todd and Gerd Gigerenzer

Print publication date: 2012

Print ISBN-13: 9780195315448

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: May 2012

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195315448.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM OXFORD SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (oxford.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Oxford University Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in OSO for personal use. date: 07 December 2021

Ecological Rationality for Teams and Committees

Ecological Rationality for Teams and Committees

Heuristics in Group Decision Making

13 Ecological Rationality for Teams and Committees
Ecological Rationality

Torsten Reimer

Ulrich Hoffrage

Oxford University Press

This chapter applies the concept of ecological rationality to the context of groups and teams. A summary of agent-based computer simulations is provided in which groups integrated member opinions on the basis of a majority rule. The simulations demonstrate that the performance of a group may be strongly affected by the decision strategies used by its individual members, and specify how this effect is moderated by environmental features. Group performance strongly depended on the distribution of cue validities. When validities were linearly distributed, groups using a compensatory strategy achieved the highest accuracy. Conversely, when cue validities followed a J-shaped distribution, groups using a simple noncompensatory heuristic performed best. While these effects were robust across different quantities of shared information, the validity of shared information exerted stronger effects on group performance. Consequences for prescriptive theories of group decision making are discussed.

Keywords:   group decision making, information sharing, majority rule, information-processing cube, simple group heuristics, group performance, social decision schemes

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