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Food Webs and the Dynamics of Marine Reefs$
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Tim McClanahan and George M. Branch

Print publication date: 2008

Print ISBN-13: 9780195319958

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: May 2008

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195319958.001.0001

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Kelp Forest Food Webs in the Aleutian Archipelago

Kelp Forest Food Webs in the Aleutian Archipelago

(p.29) 2 Kelp Forest Food Webs in the Aleutian Archipelago
Food Webs and the Dynamics of Marine Reefs

James A. Estes

Oxford University Press

The chapter summarizes the current understanding of the kelp forest ecosystems of Alaska by focusing on the key role that otters, killer whales, and man have played in the ecological organization of this ecosystem. The role of kelp, the effect of anti-predator chemistry, and sea urchin interactions are discussed. The history of the ecosystem as well as the science is covered and includes a discussion of the debate on the role of whaling in influencing otter–killer whale interactions, which may be further changing the ecology of this ecosystem.

Keywords:   aboriginal humans, Aleuts, alternate state, apex predators, coralline algae, glaciers, middens, land bridge, seawater temperature, sea cow, sea urchin, Strongylocentrotus, tannins, trophic cascade

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