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Food Webs and the Dynamics of Marine Reefs$
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Tim McClanahan and George M. Branch

Print publication date: 2008

Print ISBN-13: 9780195319958

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: May 2008

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195319958.001.0001

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Conclusions: An Ecosystem Perspective of Shallow Marine Reefs

Conclusions: An Ecosystem Perspective of Shallow Marine Reefs

(p.209) 9 Conclusions: An Ecosystem Perspective of Shallow Marine Reefs
Food Webs and the Dynamics of Marine Reefs

Tim R. McClanahan

George M. Branch

Oxford University Press

This chapter summarizes what the authors consider to be the key and general organizing principles of kelp forests and coral reefs along gradients of oceanography, latitude, and effects of fishing and resource use on these ecosystems. The general structure of these food webs is described as well as the effects of top-down versus bottom-up controls and the prevalence of trophic cascades. Human effects and recommendations for management are presented.

Keywords:   consumers, food web theory, human effects, invertebrates, management, metabolism, oceanography, predation, primary production, sea urchins, species composition, trophic cascades, variability

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