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Social and Psychological Bases of Ideology and System Justification$
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John T. Jost, Aaron C. Kay, and Hulda Thorisdottir

Print publication date: 2009

Print ISBN-13: 9780195320916

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: May 2009

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195320916.001.0001

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Acknowledging and Redressing Historical Injustices

Acknowledging and Redressing Historical Injustices

(p.463) CHAPTER 19 Acknowledging and Redressing Historical Injustices
Social and Psychological Bases of Ideology and System Justification

Katherine B. Starzyk

Craig W. Blatz

Mike Ross

Oxford University Press

This chapter presents research and theory focusing on how individuals and governments respond to historical injustices. The chapter proposes that people and groups remember negative historical events more benignly, if they remember them at all, to maintain positive views of important groups and social systems. The focus is placed on studies demonstrating that people’s evaluations of reparations for past harms depend on situational variables, such as whether the harm happened in their own or another country. The chapter also connect people’s responses to reparations to the dual motivations to protect important groups and social systems, and examine the responses of members of a victimized minority and nonvictimized majority to a government apology for a historical injustice. Finally, the content of government offers of reparation is analyzed, to assess how these offers might enhance the social identities of both the victimized minority and nonvictimized majority, as well as affirm the current system of government and laws.

Keywords:   nonvictimized majority, redressing injustices, reparations, victimized minority

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