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The World Heroin MarketCan Supply Be Cut?$
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Letizia Paoli, Victoria A. Greenfield, and Peter Reuter

Print publication date: 2009

Print ISBN-13: 9780195322996

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: May 2012

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195322996.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM OXFORD SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (oxford.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Oxford University Press, 2022. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in OSO for personal use.date: 26 January 2022

The Past as Prologue

The Past as Prologue

The Development of the World Opiate Market and the Rise of the International Control Regime

(p.15) 2 The Past as Prologue
The World Heroin Market

Letizia Paoli

Victoria A. Greenfield

Peter Reuter

Oxford University Press

This chapter reviews the historical development of the world opiate market, including the international policy regime that surrounds it. It explores the period of growth of the opiate market in the nineteenth century, the decline that occurred during the first half of the twentieth century and the re-emergence and transformation that occurred during the latter part of the twentieth century. Historical evidence suggests that changes in policies especially the first and second International Opium Conventions of 1912 and 1925, played a part in the major reductions in opium consumption that occurred during the first half of twentieth century. The analysis of international and domestic drug control efforts indicate that increasing control and prohibition of opiates reflected cultural biases of western societies and governments.

Keywords:   opiate market, international policy regime, opium consumption, International Opium Conventions, drug control efforts, cultural biases, western societies

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