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The World Heroin MarketCan Supply Be Cut?$
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Letizia Paoli, Victoria A. Greenfield, and Peter Reuter

Print publication date: 2009

Print ISBN-13: 9780195322996

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: May 2012

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195322996.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM OXFORD SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (oxford.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Oxford University Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in OSO for personal use. date: 22 January 2022

Afghanistan and Burma

Afghanistan and Burma

The Two Dominant Producers

(p.111) 6 Afghanistan and Burma
The World Heroin Market

Letizia Paoli

Victoria A. Greenfield

Peter Reuter

Oxford University Press

This chapter examines heroin production in Afghanistan and Burma. It explains that these two countries jointly have been responsible for 70% to 95% of the world's opium supply. It investigates why and how Afghanistan and Burma have become the two dominant producers, singling out the lack of government control and the parallel rise of quasi-state authorities as key promoting factors of the opiate industry in both countries. It discusses the definition of a narco-state and suggests that both Afghanistan and Burma can be considered as narco-states.

Keywords:   heroin production, Afghanistan, Burma, opium supply, government control, quasi-state authorities, opiate industry, narco-states

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