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The World Heroin MarketCan Supply Be Cut?$
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Letizia Paoli, Victoria A. Greenfield, and Peter Reuter

Print publication date: 2009

Print ISBN-13: 9780195322996

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: May 2012

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195322996.001.0001

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Diversion from Licit Cultivation

(p.144) 7 India
The World Heroin Market

Letizia Paoli

Victoria A. Greenfield

Peter Reuter

Oxford University Press

This chapter focuses on the heroin market in India. Despite the limited involvement of organized crime, the analysis suggests that India is not only the world's largest consumer of illicit opiates but, de facto, also one of the largest illicit opium producers. This chapter explains that in contrast to all other illicit producers, India owes its high opium production not to blatantly illicit cultivation but to diversion from licit cultivation. It discusses the four potential sources of agriculturally-derived illicit opiates in India and evaluates their relevance for opium and for heroin.

Keywords:   heroin market, India, illicit opiates, opium producers, licit cultivation

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