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By Parallel ReasoningThe Construction and Evaluation of Analogical Arguments$
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Paul Bartha

Print publication date: 2010

Print ISBN-13: 9780195325539

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: May 2010

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195325539.001.0001

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Computational Theories

Computational Theories

(p.59) 3 Computational Theories
By Parallel Reasoning

Paul F. A. Bartha (Contributor Webpage)

Oxford University Press

This chapter selectively reviews computational theories of analogical reasoning from Evans, Gentner, Holyoak and Thagard, Ashley, Carbonell, and Hofstadter. While these theories provide insight into the processes involved in analogical reasoning, many of them operate with a perceptual model of analogical reasoning and appear to neglect normative questions. It is argued that most of the computational theories do, at least implicitly, incorporate normative principles and that those principles need to be examined critically. In particular, the chapter takes a close look at Gentner's systematicity principle. It is alleged that systematicity per se neither produces nor explains the plausibility of analogical arguments.

Keywords:   Ashley, Carbonell, case‐based reasoning, computational theories of analogy, Evans, Gentner, Hofstadter, Holyoak, systematicity principle, Thagard

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