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By Parallel ReasoningThe Construction and Evaluation of Analogical Arguments$
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Paul Bartha

Print publication date: 2010

Print ISBN-13: 9780195325539

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: May 2010

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195325539.001.0001

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The Articulation Model

The Articulation Model

(p.91) 4 The Articulation Model
By Parallel Reasoning

Paul F. A. Bartha (Contributor Webpage)

Oxford University Press

This chapter proposes the articulation model for evaluating analogical arguments. The core of the model consists of two principles. First, there must be a prior association, a clear relationship in the source domain between the known similarities and the further similarity projected to hold in the target domain. Second, there must be potential for generalization, reason to believe that the same type of relationship could hold in the target domain. Rather than assessing an analogical argument in terms of overall similarity between two domains, the central idea is that similarity must be assessed relative to a model of the source. The chapter proposes a simple classification of analogical arguments corresponding to different types of prior association, together with evaluation criteria tailored to each type. The theory is extended to handle reasoning with multiple analogies.

Keywords:   articulation, similarity, multiple analogies, potential for generalization, prior association

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