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Making Public Places SaferSurveillance and Crime Prevention$
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Brandon C. Welsh and David P. Farrington

Print publication date: 2009

Print ISBN-13: 9780195326215

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: May 2012

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195326215.001.0001

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Security Guards, Place Managers, and Defensible Space

Security Guards, Place Managers, and Defensible Space

(p.93) 7 Security Guards, Place Managers, and Defensible Space
Making Public Places Safer

Brandon C. Welsh

David P. Farrington

Oxford University Press

This chapter reviews the scientific evidence on the crime-prevention effectiveness of three major forms of public area surveillance: security guards, place managers, and defensible space. There is fairly strong and consistent evidence that the defensible-space technique of street closures or barricades is effective in preventing crime in inner-city neighborhoods. Security guards represent a promising technique of formal surveillance when implemented in car parks and targeted at vehicle crimes, although the surveillance technique of place managers appears to be of unknown effectiveness in preventing crime in public places.

Keywords:   security guards, place managers, defensible space, public surveillance, crime prevention, street closures, barricades, car parks, vehicle crimes

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