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Academic Motivation and the Culture of School in Childhood and
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Cynthia Hudley and Adele E. Gottfried

Print publication date: 2008

Print ISBN-13: 9780195326819

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: March 2012

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195326819.001.0001

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(p.3) 1 Introduction
Academic Motivation and the Culture of School in Childhood and Adolescence

Cynthia Hudley

Adele Eskeles Gottfried

Oxford University Press

Various researchers have established essential connections among school context and relationships with academic motivation and achievements. Motivational researchers have proven that the belief in individual achievements is driven by cultural assumptions and expectations. The role of school culture and the larger cultural milieu in students' motivational processes may be considered in understanding the extent to which student motivation accounts for such achievement. This chapter provides a general framework on the topics that will be discussed in the chapters that will follow. Though each chapter attends to a specific matter significant to academic motivation, all chapters aim to create a more comprehensive perception on the multiple dimensions of school culture in the United States through examination of the school's culture and how it influences the findings presented on each chapter.

Keywords:   academic motivation, individual achievement, cultural assumptions, school culture, United States

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