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Academic Motivation and the Culture of School in Childhood and
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Cynthia Hudley and Adele E. Gottfried

Print publication date: 2008

Print ISBN-13: 9780195326819

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: March 2012

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195326819.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM OXFORD SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (oxford.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Oxford University Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in OSO for personal use. date: 23 April 2021

Peer-Assisted Learning

Peer-Assisted Learning

An Academic Strategy for Enhancing Motivation Among Diverse Students

(p.247) 11 Peer-Assisted Learning
Academic Motivation and the Culture of School in Childhood and Adolescence

Marika Ginsburg-Block

Cynthia Rohrbeck

Nancy Lavigne

John W. Fantuzzo

Oxford University Press

Socialization experiences with peers are influential on both the student's academic motivation and achievement. This chapter explores the influence of culture on academic motivation through an examination of peer-assisted learning (PAL). It provides a review of the theoretical and empirical basis for considering PAL as an intervention to enhance student motivation from diverse racial, ethnic, and social class backgrounds and centers on peer-led strategies that focus on academic content. Peer interactions encouraged by PAL strategies provided students with positive messages about educational accomplishments, thus, students are more likely to accept the morals of the school and pursue academic tasks and goals. The chapter also includes the results of a meta-analysis of experimental studies that examined the effects of PAL interventions on motivation among elementary school students and discusses possible implications on intervention for future research.

Keywords:   academic motivation, peer-assisted learning, peer-led strategies, peer interactions, educational accomplishments, intervention, motivation

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