An Academic Strategy for Enhancing Motivation Among Diverse Students
Socialization experiences with peers are influential on both the student's academic motivation and achievement. This chapter explores the influence of culture on academic motivation through an examination of peer-assisted learning (PAL). It provides a review of the theoretical and empirical basis for considering PAL as an intervention to enhance student motivation from diverse racial, ethnic, and social class backgrounds and centers on peer-led strategies that focus on academic content. Peer interactions encouraged by PAL strategies provided students with positive messages about educational accomplishments, thus, students are more likely to accept the morals of the school and pursue academic tasks and goals. The chapter also includes the results of a meta-analysis of experimental studies that examined the effects of PAL interventions on motivation among elementary school students and discusses possible implications on intervention for future research.
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