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Race, Space, and Riots in Chicago, New York, and Los Angeles$
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Janet L. Abu-Lughod

Print publication date: 2007

Print ISBN-13: 9780195328752

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: May 2012

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195328752.001.0001

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The Bloody Riot of 1919 and Its Consequences

The Bloody Riot of 1919 and Its Consequences

(p.43) 2 The Bloody Riot of 1919 and Its Consequences
Race, Space, and Riots in Chicago, New York, and Los Angeles

Janet L. Abu-Lughod

Oxford University Press

This chapter notes that the riot of 1919 was a sign that Chicago had a special problem. One of the most violent and prolonged in the history of the country, it became the object of an official investigation by a newly organized Chicago Commission on Race Relations, which issued a very long and carefully researched and documented report, The Negro in Chicago: A Study of Race Relations and a Riot. The 1919 riot may be seen as signaling the start of two trends in racial conflict that would intensify in the ensuing decades. The first was a new militancy on the part of the black community to resist the typical white-on-black violence. The second, paradoxically, was the increased “ingathering” of blacks within a more fully segregated ghetto, as white violence drove scattered black residents from other areas of the city in which they already lived.

Keywords:   1919 Chicago riot, Chicago Commission on Race Relations, riot literature, African American community, racial conflict, white-on-black violence

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