Jump to ContentJump to Main Navigation
Imaging the Aging Brain$
Users without a subscription are not able to see the full content.

William Jagust and Mark D'Esposito

Print publication date: 2009

Print ISBN-13: 9780195328875

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: February 2010

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195328875.001.0001

Show Summary Details
Page of

PRINTED FROM OXFORD SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (oxford.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Oxford University Press, 2020. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in OSO for personal use. date: 25 November 2020

Neuropathology of Aging

Neuropathology of Aging

(p.27) 3 Neuropathology of Aging
Imaging the Aging Brain

Dara L. Dickstein

John H. Morrison

Patrick R. Hof

Oxford University Press

Alzheimer's disease (AD) is characterized by extensive, yet selective, neuron death in the cerebral neocortex leading to dramatic decline in cognitive abilities and memory. A more modest disruption of memory occurs frequently in normal aging, in humans and in animal models. Significant neuron death does not appear to be the cause of such age-related memory deficits, but in AD, hippocampal and long association corticocortical circuits are devastated. Evidence from rodent and nonhuman primate models reveals that these same circuits exhibit subtle age-related changes in neurochemical phenotype, dendritic and spine morphology, and synaptic integrity that correlate with impaired function. Molecular alterations of synapses, such as shifts in expression of excitatory receptors, also contribute to these deficits. These brain regions are also responsive to circulating estrogen levels. Interactions between reproductive senescence and brain aging may affect cortical synaptic transmission, implying that certain synaptic alterations in aging may be reversible. As such, integrity of spines and synapses may reflect age-related memory decline, whereas the loss of select cortical circuits is a crucial substrate for functional decline in AD.

Keywords:   brain aging, cerebral cortex, dendritic spines, pyramidal neurons, neurofilament proteins

Oxford Scholarship Online requires a subscription or purchase to access the full text of books within the service. Public users can however freely search the site and view the abstracts and keywords for each book and chapter.

Please, subscribe or login to access full text content.

If you think you should have access to this title, please contact your librarian.

To troubleshoot, please check our FAQs , and if you can't find the answer there, please contact us .