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The Jewish Teachers of Jesus, James, and JudeWhat Earliest Christianity Learned from the Apocrypha and Pseudepigrapha$
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David A. deSilva

Print publication date: 2012

Print ISBN-13: 9780195329001

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: January 2013

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195329001.001.0001

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Recovering the Voices of James and Jude

Recovering the Voices of James and Jude

(p.31) 2 Recovering the Voices of James and Jude
The Jewish Teachers of Jesus, James, and Jude

David A. deSilva

Oxford University Press

The precise relationship of James and Jude to Jesus is examined on the basis of the evidence of early Christian writings and in dialogue with the classical positions of Epiphanius, Jerome, and Helvidius and their modern proponents. The evidence for the timing of Jesus' half-brothers' conversion to faith in him is also evaluated. While scholarship has tended to pass along the pseudonymity of the epistles of James and Jude as something of a dogma, the traditional arguments against their authenticity are found to be tenuous at best. Based on the level of apocalyptic expectation, reliance on church order, Christology, location, experience, and other factors, the author argues that these epistles preserve the genuine voice of Jesus' half-brothers, leaders in the Jewish Christian movement.

Keywords:   Greek, apocalypticism, church order, family of Jesus, brothers of Jesus, James the Just, Jude, Jerusalem church, Judean Christianity

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